The head-heart-hand tripartite is often used to depict holistic education, not focusing only on academic merits of the ‘head’ and technical skills of the ‘hand’, but also character building, spiritual enlightenment, and emotional resilience of the ‘heart’. Unfortunately, the development of the spiritual heart is often neglected, especially in higher education where most of the learning assessments pertain to the critical heads and skilful hands. This paper argues for that the balanced development of the head, heart, and hand. In particular, the purification of the spiritual heart is emphasised to heighten moral and God-consciousness for better decision-making. Additionally, such holistic development is needed to ensure the achievement of the Maqāṣid of the Sharī’ah collectively, i.e., the preservation and promotion of Faith, Life, Intellect, Progeny, and Wealth. By setting the head-heart-hand tripartite with the Maqāṣid, a frame of reference is constructed as an evaluative tool to examine individual holistic development. This framework is then used to examine the reported developmental experiences of undergraduate students in the Universiti Brunei Darussalam, giving particular attention to the issues and challenges faced in light of the five Maqāṣid. The preliminary findings signalled challenges faced in preserving and promoting Life, Intellect, and Progeny.
Keywords: spiritual heart, holistic development, Imam al-Ghazāli, Maqāṣid of the Sharī’ah, undergraduate
Iznan Tarip. “Developing the Head, Heart and Hand Holistically Towards Achieving the Maqāṣid of the Sharī’ah: An Undergraduate Perspective”Journal of Islamic Governance, August 6, 2021. https://doi.org/10.53105/tp-10
Abdul Aziz, Amin. “Governance in a Contemporary Islamic Negara.” Journal of Islamic Governance 1, no. 1 (2015): 1-9. https://doi.org/10.53105/jig.1-1.
Al-Attas, Syed Muhammad Naquib. Prolegomena to the Metaphysics of Islam: An Exposition of the Fundamental Elements of the Worldview of Islam. 2nd ed. ed. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: International Institute of Islamic Thought and Civilization (ISTAC), 2001.
al-Ghazali. “Aja’ib Al-Qalb (Wonders of the Heart).” Translated by Walter James Skillie. In Ihya Ulum Al-Din (Revival of the Religious Science), edited by Walter James Skellie. Kuala Lumpur: Islamic Book Trust, 2007.
Alawi Shahrin & Iznan Tarip. “More Critical Thinkers for Islamic Governance. Thought Paper Series No. 2.” Journal of Islamic Governance, (2020). https://doi.org/10.53105/tp-2
Brühlmeier, Arthur. Head, Heart and Hand: Education in the Spirit of Pestalozzi. Open Book Publishers, 2010.
Friese, Susanne. Qualitative Data Analysis with Atlas.Ti. 2nd ed. ed. London: London : SAGE, 2014.
Gazibara, Senka. ““Head, Heart and Hands Learning”-a Challenge for Contemporary Education.” The Journal of Education, Culture, and Society, no. 1 (2013): 71-82.
Iznan Tarip & Nur Firdaus bin Abu Bakar. “Al-Ghazali on the head, heart and hand tripartite, and its organisational implications.” International Journal of `Umranic Studies 3, no. 2, (2020): 1-12.
McCraty, Rollin. Science of the Heart: Exploring the Role of the Heart in Human Performance (Volume 2) – an Overview of Research Conducted by Heartmath Institute. 2015.
Mount, Ferdinand. Full Circle: How the Classical World Came Back to Us. Simon and Schuster, 2010.
Sonenshein, Scott. “The Role of Construction, Intuition and Justification in Responding to Ethical Issues at Work: The Sensemaking-Intuition Model.” Academy of Management. The Academy of Management Review 32, no. 4 (2007): 1022-40.