This page tells you the Terms and Conditions of Use of the website of The Journal of Islamic Governance: (hereinafter also referred to as “the Website”), whether as a guest or partner user. This website is owned by Universiti Brunei Darussalam (hereinafter referred to as “UBD”) and operated by the Institute of Policy Studies, UBD. Please read these Terms and Conditions of Use carefully before you start to use the Website. By using the Website, you indicate that you agree to these Terms and Conditions with full compliance. If you do not agree, please refrain from use of the Website.


Intellectual Property Rights

UBD is the owner of all intellectual property rights on the Website. Those works are protected by copyright and treatise in Brunei Darussalam and those around the world. All such rights are reserved.

Authors retain the copyright to their articles. This follows the liberal Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY) license. The CC BY license permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided appropriate credit is given to the original author(s) and the source, a link to the Creative Commons license is included, and it is indicated if any changes were made.


Links to Other websites

The Website may contain links to other sites. These sites are not controlled or affiliated with UBD unless expressly stated otherwise. UBD assumes no responsibility for the material of such web sites and disclaim liability for any and all forms of loss or damage arising out of the use of them. The inclusion of a link to another site on this Website does not imply any endorsement of the sites themselves or of those in control of them.


Linking to the Website

You may link to our home page, provided that you do so in a way that is fair and legal and does not damage our reputations or take advantage of it. However, you may not establish a link as to suggest any form of association, approval or endorsement with UBD, the Institute of Policy Studies, or The Journal of Islamic Governance where it does not exist. You may not establish a link form any website that is now owned by you.

We reserve the right to withdraw linking permission with any website. Should you wish to use non-academic material on our website, please address your request to
Linking for academic material under ISSN registered publications are allowed, however you must provide due referencing and credit to the Author and The Journal of Islamic Governance. Please refer to the aforementioned CC BY licensing for further clarification.



The material displayed on the Website is provided without any guarantees, conditions or warranties (expressed or implied) as to its accuracy. UBD accepts no liability for any disruption or non-availability of the Website resulting from external causes including, but not limited to, ISP equipment failure, host equipment failure, communications network failure, power failure, natural events, acts of war or legal restrictions and censorship. To the maximum extent permitted by law, UBD accepts no liability for any direct or indirect loss or damage, foreseeable or otherwise, including any indirect, consequential, special or exemplary damages arising from the use of the Website or any information contained therein. Users should be aware that the use of the Website and its material are at their own risk.


Jurisdiction and Applicable Law

The courts of Brunei Darussalam will have non-exclusive jurisdiction over any claim arising from, or related to, a visit to the Website. However, UBD reserves the right to bring proceedings against you for breach of these conditions in your country of residence or any other relevant country. The terms are governed by the laws of Brunei Darussalam.



The terms stated may be revised at any time by amendments made on this page. You are fully expected to visit this page from time to time to take notice of any changes made, as they are binding upon you. Provision contained in these terms may, on occasion, be superseded by provisions and notices published elsewhere on the Website.



Should you require further information on permitted use, or a license to republish academic or non-academic material within the Website, please address your concerns to