Muhammad Adil Iqbal and Shaikh Abdul Mabud
Advancements in artificial intelligence, robotics, neural interfaces, artificial organs and systems, automation, virtual and augmented reality, machine learning, and many more hold great promise for creating potential opportunities and access to knowledge. These technological innovations may revolutionise production processes and enhance living standards, particularly in developing Muslim countries. However, as per the opinions of various scholars, writers, and world leaders, this globalisation of the Fourth Industrial Revolution appears to pose many challenges, transformations, and instabilities for societies and governments all over the world particularly for the Muslim masses and the Islamic system of governance with far-reaching consequences for culture, religion, and politics. This represents a major problematic issue for the future of Islamic civilisation and calls for well-planned preparation without compromising the basic tenets of Islam. There remains a need for academic and intellectual emphasis on this issue in order to enlighten Muslim masses for a better understanding of emerging technological change and the Fourth Industrial Revolution. This descriptive and conceptual study is an academic and scholarly effort that intends to highlight and analyse issues arising from the interaction of Muslim societies and governments with emerging technological change, the Fourth Industrial Revolution, contemporary globalisation, and consequences of the COVID-19 Pandemic.
Keywords: Emerging Technologies, Muslim Government, Fourth Industrial Revolution, Artificial Intelligence, Internet of Things, Production Processes, Religious Authorities