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Different architectures of multi-level governance (MLG) have developed globally in the last twenty-five years. These diverge in important respects from standard hierarchical or command and control models of the state. They aim to cope with the transnational dimensions of policy making: the increasingly varied and changing scales, within and beyond nation states, of policy challenges. Whilst the Muslim community has always been transnational and has never limited or defined by the boundaries of states, the paper argues an MLG approach can add something new by conceptualising successful governance of conflict in Muslim communities as requiring action beyond states and instead relying on the coordination of international, national, regional, and local governments as well as important roles played by civil society and the private sector. This paper explores MLG approaches in terms of three elementary functions: protection, redistribution and recognition. Illustrative cases are used to explore how MLG may work in practice to manage the relationships between policy-making for Muslim contexts as compared to that for other co-located communities described by different religions, identities and values.