Rozan Yunos


One of the first issues to confront the new Madinian Polity was the formation of a new nation state with its own administration and governance. The new state had to innovate with regard to the form and nature of its new role – how to govern. Over the subsequent years, jurists such as al-Juwayni, al-Ghazali and ash-Shatibi identified, defined and developed the higher order objectives of the Shari’ah known as the Maqasid ash-Shari’ah. This paper attempts to review the evolution of the fulfillment of the maqasids by the governments of the dawlah islamiah – firstly by looking at the first document on governance, the al-sahifah or the Constitution of Madinah where the ummah is to act collectively to enforce the social order and security; before delving into the governance evolving during the times of the khalifah al-rashidun; the Muslim emirates; and the rest of the Islamic world. The second part of this paper will review the evolution of Islamic Governance as was practised in Brunei from the 14th century; during the British era; and during post-independence of 1984.

Keywords: Islamic Nation, Maqāsid of the Sharī’ah, Islamic Governance, Brunei, Calliphates, Madinian Polity


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